The risk of a fire hazard exists in all spaces like commercial and residential facilities, health care, and sports facilities, to name a few. Therefore, various fire protection equipment is installed in all facilities to prevent and protect from fire. Fire Sprinkler System is one such popular system. A functional system ensures the safety of the building and its occupants. It is a mechanical device that helps to combat minor fire problems without flooding the house. The designs of the fire sprinkler systems have advanced with technology, which has made them smarter and reduce the damage caused by fire, smoke, and water. There are various kinds of sprinklers that are available. Here are some of the most popular types of fire sprinkler systems.
Wet Pipe Fire Sprinkler System
In this type of fire sprinkler system, there are steel pipes that have water filled in them. In case of a fire, the high heat makes the core of the sprinkler head burst. This burst disperses the pressurized water on the fire, putting it out. All the sprinklers in the system are activated separately, which helps to ensure that the damage is significantly less in case there has been a false alarm. This type of sprinkler system works faster than the others. Along with that, it is more cost-effective, simple, and reliable, which makes them a popular choice. However, the system can’t be installed in areas prone to freezing.
Dry Pipe Fire Sprinkler System
As the name suggests, the dry pipe fire sprinkler system is filled with air. Whenever this sprinkler system is activated, it releases highly compressed air, which changes the pipe pressure, pushing the water into the system. This is the best option for those areas which are highly prone to freezing. Though this type of system releases more pressurized water, it works a little slower as it requires large pipes, making it more expensive than a wet pipe system. You need to ensure that they are properly cared for, which makes them costlier to maintain.
Foam Fire Sprinkler System
The Foam Fire sprinkler system releases both water and foam for extinguishing the fire. This type of sprinkler system is highly recommended for commercial spaces with hazardous components and flammable liquids. They are usually used in aircraft hangers, industries, and workspaces.
Pre-action Fire Sprinkler System
Pre-action systems are a hybrid fire sprinkler system that combines dry and wet pipe fire sprinklers. This type of system is usually expensive to install and is high maintenance. It is generally found in spaces like museums, libraries, and data centers. It is perfect for places where a false alarm can cause significant damage.
Deluge Fire Sprinkler Systems
The heating sensation element is absent in this type of fire sprinkler system. Instead, it is usually activated when the valves open. The valve opening leads to water being released from all the sprinklers. This type of system is used in spaces that store and deal with highly flammable liquids.